In the 1900s, early Bosnians started moving to the United States. But when a civil war erupted in the 1990s, there was a sudden influx of immigrants and refugees storming out of the country. Some emigrated to North America, Germany, Turkey, Australia, and in some parts of Western Europe. Today, Bosnian settlements are pretty common in the United States and Australia. It is also expected that more Bosnian migrants will set foot on the United Kingdom as a result of a possible EU membership.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has a staggering 40 percent unemployment rate. No wonder that more and more Bosnians are seeking for greener pastures outside the country. Let’s take a look at some of the established Bosnian communities in Australia and in the United States.
- Bosnian Settlements in Australia
As per the 2011 census of the Settlement and Multicultural Affairs of the government’s Department of Social Services, there are at least 25,000 Bosnia and Herzegovina-born people in the country. This number swelled by 4.3 percent in the past five years. The census also showed that a huge fraction of this population is in New South Wales. In terms of employment, almost half of Bosnians in the country are engaged in the professional world or in trade. However, 6.1 percent of their population are still unemployed. According to a report from UNCHR, getting a job in Sydney and in some parts of the country seems difficult for some Bosnian refugees because of too much “bureaucracy.”
- Bosnian Settlements in the United States
One of the most established Bosnian community in US is situated at St. Louis, Mississippi. When the first wave of refugees and migrants came in St. Louis, the city and other immigrants kind of disliked the Bosnians. Once, there was an incident when a local reported a Bosnian family for roasting a dog. On the contrary, it was actually lamb they were spit-roasting. Due to different cultural mix in the city, it is pretty common for misconceptions and misunderstandings to happen.
Bosnians in St. Louis are known to be hard-working. The old neighborhood where crimes were rampant was transformed into a decent area. They even have their own Chamber of Commerce. Aside from Missouri, other Bosnian settlements can be found in Florida, Ohio and Utah.